Bright Internet Principles
Bright Internet is proposed as a preventive security paradigm, in contrast with the current self-centric protective security paradigm. For this purpose, the principles of origin responsibility and deliverer responsibility on a global scale are adopted. However, these preventive security-related principles may limit the freedom of anonymous expression. Thus, the principle of identifiable anonymity is adopted in order to protect the freedom of anonymous expression for innocent netizens, also facilitating the traceability and identifiability of criminal origins. In addition, the principle of privacy protection is adopted by requiring audit capabilities that are superimposed on security surveillance. Each of these four principles should be applicable in the context of global collaboration.
As such, these five cooperative principles are essential in fulfilling the three seemingly conflicting goals of preventive security, privacy protection, and freedom of expression for innocent netizens. To equip Bright Internet with the capacity to prevent state-led cyberattacks, a new set of principles needs to be added, termed the Internet Peace Principle (Shin, Lee, & Kim, 2018).